USA: Attitudes Towards Women
By Jennifer Timmons, Field Partners Manager & Editor for Safeworld, September 2012
Bloodsuckers: Human and Non-human
The air has been awfully hot lately...
Summer has ended and yet, I am still being been mercilessly and relentlessly attacked since before the season officially began; first, by bloodsucking parasites in the form of deer ticks, brown ticks, mosquitoes, May flies, and goodness knows what other bloodsuckers, but secondly, I feel my values have been attacked by various politicians – also known as bloodsuckers.
Not all are bloodsuckers (I hope), but many.
Human or not, they all cause varying degrees of discomfort.
Sometimes it has been so bad that it has caused me sleepless nights. Either due the itch on top of my skin, or under my skin – thanks to something unsavory someone said that I likely found offensive.
(Well, maybe not sleepless nights from an insensitive remark from a public figure, but enough to cause me not to fall asleep for hours!).
Topical ointments or other medicines can allieviate an itch from an insect, but not a feeling of irritation from a person. A feeling of unsettling discomfort.
What unsettles me?
The endless and relentless misogyny and disrespect for the female half of humanity from numerous, elected public officials, media personalities, and as well, those in society who accept it – either through electing them or not calling them out publicly. Making and passing restrictive laws to limit women's own health choices, not passing laws to help domestic violence victims, calling women who dare to speak up on behalf of women – derogatory and sexist names or telling them they don't belong in the public sphere, among other things – it is all a slam against women and girls.
It is simply disrespectful.
I am not talking here about women in developing countries, whose lives I help share in my work as Field Partners Manager and Editor at Safe World for Women. Their lives are certainly difficult enough, facing daily hardships such as war, profound poverty, lack of access to basic healthcare, education, and economic opportunities, and entrenched, harsh cultural and traditional discrimination against them, as well as expectations of where their place should be within their societies.
I am talking about women in the United States of America, the country that has recently been touted throughout the national conventions of the leading political parties.
I don't doubt the parties have valid reasons (and maybe not so good reasons) to call my country “exceptional.” But I'll leave their platitudes to them – that is what they seem to do best.
Exceptional, according to various online dictionaries, includes as one of its meanings:
Unusually excellent; superior.
What could be considered somewhat exceptional is that this year, a number of women in one party took to the stage to warn women about the threat to their reproductive health rights and also their work rights (equal pay for equal work), if their candidate, our president, is not re-elected. Caroline Kennedy, daughter of President John F. Kennedy, said,
“As a Catholic woman, I take reproductive health seriously, and today, it is under attack. This year alone, more than a dozen states have passed more than 40 restrictions on women's access to reproductive health care. That's not the kind of future I want for my daughters or your daughters. Now isn't the time to roll back the rights we were winning when my father was president. Now is the time to move this country forward.”
What's not exceptional, is the vitrolic backlash some received from the opposite party, through social media, blogs, public speeches/commentary, etc.
Even less exceptional is the current state of women's well-being in the USA.
In June, a bill that would pave the way for women to more easily litigate their way to pay equality failed to clear a procedural hurdle in the Senate for the second time in two years. The bill would have built on the 2009 Ledbetter legislation, which adjusted the statute of limitations on equal pay lawsuits. This bill sought to bar companies from retaliating against workers who inquire about pay disparities and open pathways for female employees to sue for punitive damages in cases of paycheck discrimination.
Work and Violence Against Women (VAW)
- Intimate partner violence resulted in 142 homicides of women at work in the U.S. from 2003 to 2008, 22% of the total 648 workplace homicides of women during the period.
- More U.S. women died on the job as the result of domestic violence than at the hands of a client—such as a student, patient, or prisoner—or of a current or former co-worker.
- Workplace homicide rates of women were significantly higher in private workplaces than in federal, state, or local workplaces.
- Firearms, knives, and other sharp objects were the top items used in workplace homicides against women.
- Every nine seconds in the US a woman is assaulted or beaten.
- Everyday in the US, more than three women are murdered by their husbands or boyfriends.
- Domestic violence victims lose nearly eight million days of paid work per year in the US alone —the equivalent of 32,000 full-time jobs.
- The costs of intimate partner violence in the US alone exceed $5.8 billion per year: $4.1 billion are for direct medical and health care services, while productivity losses account for nearly $1.8 billion.
- American Indians are 2.5 times more likely to experience sexual assault crimes compared to all other races, and one in three Indian women reports having been raped during her lifetime.
- Negotiations for reauthorization of the Violence Against Women Act remain in limbo; in May, the Senate passed it, but House Republicans passed their own version, which did not include new protections contained in the Senate measure for gay, immigrant, American Indian and student victims. The house bill also rolled back protections for immigrant women, including for undocumented immigrants who report abuse and cooperate with law enforcement.
- Maternal mortality ratios have more than doubled from 6.6 deaths per 100,000 live births in 1987 to 13.3 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2006. While some of the recorded increase is due to improved data collection, the fact remains that maternal mortality ratios have risen significantly.
- The USA spends more than any other country on health care and more on maternal health than any other type of hospital care. Despite this, women in the USA have a higher risk of dying of pregnancy-related complications than women in 49 other countries, including Kuwait, Bulgaria, and South Korea.
- African-American women are nearly four times more likely than white women to die of pregnancy-related complications. These rates and disparities have not improved in more than 20 years.
- In the first six months of 2012 alone, nearly 40 laws intended to limit women's reproductive rights have passed in 15 states, with some enacting restrictions that are burdensome to the point that they practically ban the procedure (legal abortion).
- In March, the U.S. Senate narrowly rejected an effort to vastly expand conscience exemptions in President Obama’s new birth control coverage rule that already allows exemptions for religiously affiliated institutions.
- In the last year, a number of state legislatures – notably Texas – have voted to de-fund Planned Parenthood, leaving thousands of women without dependable access to basic reproductive health care, such as cancer screenings.
Recently, RH Reality Check reporter Andrea Grimes decided to investigate the Texas-funded Women's Health Program (WHP), which excludes Planned Parenthood as a provider. Opponents of Planned Parenthood frequently claim that there are plenty of other places that Texas women enrolled in the WHP can get the same or better reproductive health care that they get at Planned Parenthood.
After six hours of phone calling, Grimes found that of 181 providers listed for the city of Austin by the Texas Department of Health & Human Services, only 13 clinics or doctors take the Medicaid Women's Health Program. She added that, “...by '13th clinic' I mean the one that was the very last viable option, in terms of being the farthest away. About half of the 13 clinics are reasonably accessible by public transport and/or less than, say, a $30 taxi ride or half-hour drive.”
Why the discrepancy, between the department's 181 listings and Grimes' investigation coming up with 13 clinics in the end?
She writes, “Because 92 of the state's listings are duplicates. Others are radiology associates and labs and pediatricians and even closed clinics. Others just plain don't take Medicaid. At all.”
Is this what makes America exceptional?
Can those who loudly sing praises of our liberty, individualism, egalitarianism, and populism (the political doctrine that supports the rights and powers of the common people in their struggle with the privileged elite) also sing so loudly on the current status of American women?
A Clear Choice
Clear differences and clear choices; this is what our president and his rival offer to Americans. Both candidates and their supporters said so themselves.
However, neither candidate can afford to ignore women and the issues that concern them. After all, women make up half the population!
Each has tried to persuade the public of his vision of the future for a “strong America”.
As far as I can tell, we can be truly exceptional only when women in America can freely make their own healthcare choices, have reliable access to basic reproductive healthcare, no longer be at risk for preventable maternal deaths, be free to enquire about pay equity without fear of being punished, and be free to walk away from an unbearable domestic violence situation – knowing that their safety will be protected by the justice system and society.
And that's just the tip of the iceberg, among many issues that affect women.
The future I want is clear in my mind and heart: it's one in which women, alongside men, are respected in every sense of the word.
- Amnesty International
- International Business Times
- The Raw Story
- NY Daily News
- Democracy Now!
- RH Reality Check
- Washington Post
- New York Times
- Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC)
- SBA List
- Domestic Violence Statistics
- US Dept. of Justice – Office on VAW
- The New York Times